What Is An Oncologist And What Do They Do?

What is an oncologist is a question which is being raised by more and more people, as the scourge of cancer carries on wreaking havoc across the developed world. An oncologist is basically a medical specialist who deals with the treatment of cancer in any circumstance, whether in a hospital, a clinic, or an out patient scenario. The oncologist will have the responsibility of handling the treatment of patients with cancer and assisting them to make the correct life choices, although many oncologists specialize and only take care of patients with specific types of cancer.

The primary difficulty in working with cancer is to diagnose the problem as precisely as possible, and this is what oncologist functions begin with. Cancer has historically been tricky to diagnose, because there are no outward signs or symptoms other than pain. Even this can be delayed until the cancer is in a much more advanced phase, leading to additional complications. The use of present day equipment to diagnose cancer is a significant breakthrough, but even in this scenario there has to be a suspicion that cancer may be present before the device is used. This demonstrates the significance of having routine medical examinations on a regular basis, because many cancers can be treated successfully in their early stage.

There are many treatment options for cancer which have been created in the past twenty five years. These have assisted to lower the death rates to around fifty percent of all types of cancer. Chemotherapy treatment is frequently given to cancers at an early stage, in the hope that the chemicals can remove the cancerous growths from the human body and give it time to recover. Radiation therapy is an even more severe way of attempting to accomplish the same target, and this will commonly be used when the cancer is at a more advanced stage. Surgical treatment is also feasible with many types of cancer.


Lots of people are anxious as to what an oncologist is going to do, when they are initially given the medical diagnosis of cancer. This is justifiable to a degree, as we have all seen the images of people without hair and people with other noticeable signs of treatment from cancer. The most significant fact to bear in mind is that few of these changes are long term, and if the cancer can be beaten into remission there is every possibility that you can lead a normal lifestyle again. Even the cancers which do turn out to be fatal can be mostly managed, and the sufferer can still take part in many things that they did before treatment.

The treatment of cancers is of course a extremely skilled task, and the qualifications required to become an oncologist are intense. You must to be licensed to practice, and these licenses are renewed every four years. Licensing demands differ to a degree from one state to another, but the variations are only small. The primary prerequisite is that you successfully pass an examination after comprehensive study to degree level. The examination only needs to be passed once, although there may be other examinations needed in the long term to establish that you can deal with advancements in technology.


The first step in acknowledging what an oncologist is to have an understanding of the level of schooling and training which they must go through to attain their present position. If you want to work with cancer patients, you will also need to attain a high level of education, either through attending a college or through studying online. Studying at college gives you many benefits, in that the medical courses at these colleges have been proven for many years. The residential classes also give you the best possible opportunity to have interaction with the tutors and other students, to form connections which can assist you in your long term career.

For many people, to dream of studying at college is one which is entirely unachievable. They will need to sustain their current career and source of earnings to be capable of continuing paying their bills, and many will have young family members to look after. The arrival of online studying has given these people the life line they require to be capable of advancing their careers. The cancer treatment courses are intensely theory based, which signifies they are ideally matched to the online learning arena. As long as you are the right kind of person to be successful with self study, there is no reason why you are unable to progress.

So, what is an oncologist likely to do when they have qualified? Well, they will have to become licensed, and the legislation in each state are comparable but not the same. If you are planning to make oncology your life career, you will also want to keep learning to keep up to date with the most recent developments which will be integrated into your practice. This is a profession which requires full dedication and also a massive investment of time, but it is satisfying to be able to explain it to people who ask what is an oncologist.

Andy Pitt




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